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Pediatrics

  • Irvin A. Kaufman
  • Delmar Short
Chapter
  • 36 Downloads

Abstract

What is different about pediatric medicine in children? Children are not just small adults. During the period from birth to adolescence, children go through many complex stages of growth and development. Children are at risk for very different diseases than adults and they respond differently to illnesses as well as to treatment. The most obvious changes occurring during childhood is growth from a 6- to 7-pound newborn to a 120- to 160-pound adolescent. During this period the child develops intellectually and physically from the totally dependent infant to the self-sufficient and independent young adult. Deviations from normal patterns of growth and development are nonspecific, but they are often important indicators of serious medical or social problems. Thus, accurate measurements of height and weight and assessment of developmental milestones are an important aspect of every pediatric office visit. Serial measurements are more useful than any single values to help identify clearer trends. Careful charting of height, weight, and head circumference is important to proper monitoring. Although there is great variability among normal individuals, for the most part values within two standard deviations of the mean are accepted as normal.

Keywords

Atopic Dermatitis Respiratory Syncytial Virus Status Epilepticus Febrile Seizure Bacterial Pneumonia 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • Irvin A. Kaufman
    • 1
  • Delmar Short
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PediatricsChildren’s Hospital of San DiegoSan DiegoUSA
  2. 2.Department of Psychiatric MedicineUniversity of Virginia School of MedicineSalemUSA

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