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Little’s Formula and Extensions

  • Muhammad El-Taha
  • Shaler StidhamJr.
Part of the International Series in Operations Research & Management Science book series (ISOR, volume 11)

Abstract

Little’s formula, L = λW, is one of the most well-known and most useful conservation laws in queueing theory and stochastic systems. It states that the time average number of units in system equals the arrival rate of units × the average time-in-system per unit.

Keywords

Busy Period Queueing System Schedule Rule Congestion Cost Basic Inequality 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Muhammad El-Taha
    • 1
  • Shaler StidhamJr.
    • 2
  1. 1.University of Southern MaineUSA
  2. 2.University of North Carolina at Chapel HillUSA

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