University Research and the Spatial Distribution of High Technology Innovations and Private Research
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One of the major conclusions drawn from the literature review in chapter 2 was that so far the Griliches-Jaffe knowledge production framework provides the most appropriate way to study university impacts on the local high technology industry. Both technology transfers from local universities and the location impacts of academic institutions can be studied within this analytical framework. The three major variables of the model are economically useful new technological knowledge, industrial research activities, and research conducted at local universities. Previous studies have applied the knowledge production model to test for university effects at the level of US states. Because states are generally large spatial units, this level of aggregation is likely to be not appropriate to capture local university-industry interactions. One of the contributions of this book is that it carries out the analyses at the sub-state level (i.e., MSA and county level) of data aggregation.
KeywordsPrivate Research Small Business Administration Exploratory Spatial Data Analysis Innovation Cluster Standard Industrial Classification Code
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