A Review on Artificial Intelligence Methods

  • Albert Ting-pat So
  • Wai Lok Chan
Part of the The International Series on Asian Studies in Computer and Information Science book series (ASIS, volume 5)


Artificial intelligence encompasses a broad body of knowledge that is difficult to define precisely. Expert systems are computer software systems that mimic the tasks routinely carried out by human experts. Computer algebra is an application of knowledge based system in which symbols, rather than merely numbers, can be manipulated by computers and the ensemble of the theory behind is also referred to as symbolic computation. Fuzzy set theory is a generalisation of classical set theory. Fuzzy logic representations try to capture the way humans represent the reason with real world knowledge. Artificial neural networks are simplified models of the nervous system. They are networks of highly interconnected simple computing elements that have the ability to respond to input stimuli and to learn to adapt to the environment. Evolutionary computation (EC) is the name of a collection of stochastic optimisation algorithms loosely based on concepts of biological evolutionary theory. They are based on the evolution of a population of potential solutions to a certain problem. Simulated annealing is an optimisation method that is able to arrive at global optimum.


Membership Function Expert System Fuzzy Rule Fuzzy Inference System Inference Engine 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Albert Ting-pat So
    • 1
    • 3
  • Wai Lok Chan
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Johnson Controls Intelligent Building Research CentreCity University of Hong KongChina
  2. 2.Hong Kong Polytechnic UniversityChina
  3. 3.City University of Hong KongChina

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