Neuroendocrine System and Immune Functions

  • Manfred Schedlowski
  • Robert J. Benschop


There is abundant empirical evidence that immunocompetent cells are influenced by substances of the neuroendocrine system (reviewed by Ader, Felten, & Cohen, 1991; Besedovsky & del Rey, 1996; Madden & Felten, 1995). This chapter describes a selection of hormones, neurotransmitters, and neuropeptides that can be detected in peripheral blood and/or in the tissue and that are known to affect immunocompetent cells.


Growth Hormone Natural Killer Natural Killer Cell Vasoactive Intestinal Polypeptide Pituitary Hormone 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Manfred Schedlowski
    • 1
  • Robert J. Benschop
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Medical PsychologyEssen University ClinicEssenGermany
  2. 2.Division of Basic SciencesNational Jewish Medical and Research CenterDenverUSA

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