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Behavioral Conditioning of Immunity

  • Michael S. Exton
  • Maurice G. King
  • Alan J. Husband

Abstract

One established method of modifying immune responses is by behavioral conditioning (for reviews see Kusnecov, King, & Husband, 1989; Ader & Cohen, 1993). Conditioning procedures were initially described by Ivan Pavlov who observed that a dog can be made to salivate to an unnatural stimulus (e.g., a tone), if the neutral stimulus regularly preceded its food. In its simplest form, Pavlovian or classical conditioning, as the procedure is sometimes called, consists of presenting two stimuli in close temporal proximity to an organism. These stimuli are referred to as the conditioned and the unconditioned stimulus.

Keywords

Conditioned Stimulus Taste Aversion Conditioned Taste Aversion Keyhole Limpet Hemocyanin Gastrointestinal Upset 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Michael S. Exton
    • 1
  • Maurice G. King
    • 2
  • Alan J. Husband
    • 3
  1. 1.Institute for Medical PsychologyEssen University ClinicEssenGermany
  2. 2.Institute for Behavioural Research in HealthCurtin UniversityPerthAustralia
  3. 3.Faculty of Veterinarian SciencesThe University of SydneySydneyAustralia

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