Acute Psychological Stress

  • Robert J. Benschop
  • Manfred Schedlowski


Organisms survive by maintaining homeostasis, a complex, dynamic, and harmonious equilibrium. This equilibrium is constantly challenged or threatened by disturbing factors or stressors. For survival, organisms have to actively react with an adaptational or stress response, which should lead to the preservation or reestablishment of the steady state. Stressors are qualitatively and quantitatively very diverse in nature. They are either external or internal in origin and may be caused by psychological (e.g., feelings of fear) or physiological (e.g., exercise-induced glucose shortage) events.


Psychological Stress Mental Stress Lymphocyte Subset Lymphocyte Number Adrenaline Infusion 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert J. Benschop
    • 1
  • Manfred Schedlowski
    • 2
  1. 1.Division of Basic SciencesNational Jewish Medical and Research CenterDenverUSA
  2. 2.Institute of Medical PsychologyEssen University ClinicEssenGermany

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