Multiple Forms of the Menkes Cu-ATPase

  • Edward D. Harris
  • Manchi C. M. Reddy
  • Yongchang Qian
  • Evelyn Tiffany-Castiglioni
  • Sudeep Majumdar
  • John Nelson
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 448)


The 5′ region of MNK cDNAs has a 45 bp insert terminating at the 5′end with an AGATG sequence. The ATG in the sequence is in-frame with the ATG downstream identified by Vulpe et al (1993) as a translation start site for MNK mRNA. Inserts of 192 bp and 45 bp have been found in the 5′ region of MNK mRNAs from BeWo cells, Caco-2 cells and normal human fibroblasts. Extensions to the 5′ end of these mRNAs could foretell a modified N-ter-mini in certain forms of the Menkes Cu-ATPase These modified H2N-terminal extensions are postulated to be targeting signals for post-translational processing and cellular localization. In this report, we provide evidence that the primary Menkes transcript in non-Menkes cells undergoes post-transcriptional splicing that gives rise to multiple transcripts. The data suggest that the Menkes gene is a copper locus that codes for more than one form of the Menkes Cu-ATPase and one of these forms could be a small Cu transport protein.


Copper Transport BeWo Cell Menkes Disease Heavy Metal Binding Distinct Cellular Compartment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Edward D. Harris
    • 1
  • Manchi C. M. Reddy
    • 1
  • Yongchang Qian
    • 1
  • Evelyn Tiffany-Castiglioni
    • 2
  • Sudeep Majumdar
    • 1
  • John Nelson
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biochemistry and BiophysicsTexas A&M UniversityCollege StationUSA
  2. 2.Department of Veterinary Anatomy and Public HealthTexas A&M UniversityCollege StationUSA

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