Advertisement

Rheumaderm pp 173-179 | Cite as

Male SLE Patients in Malta

  • F. Camilleri
  • Carmel MalliaEmail author
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 455)

Abstract

The SLE patient database at the Rheumatology Clinic, St. Luke’s Hospital includes 62 patients, 58 of which have complete data. The patients were grouped according to sex (7 males vs 51 females). The presentation, clinical manifestations, ACR criteria and laboratory findings of the 2 groups were analyzed and compared.

Serositis as the initial manifestation at presentation was significantly commoner in males (29% vs 2%; p003C;0.05). Cardiorespiratory problems such as pleurisy, pericarditis, pericardial effusions and myocarditis were more frequent in the male subgroup.

Female patients had more arthritis, myositis, neuropsychiatric manifestations (depression, psychosis and headache) anemia, leucopenia and ENA positivity than their male counterparts. All 6 mortalities recorded were in the female subgroup.

Keywords

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Nephrotic Syndrome Connective Tissue Disease Pericardial Effusion Rheumatology Clinic 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Aydintug A.O.et al. SLE in males: analysis of clinical and laboratory features. LUPUS 1(5): 295–8, Oct 1992.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Cervera et al. Patterns of disease expression in a cohort of 1000 patients. Medicine 75(2): 113–124, 1993.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Deesomchok et al. Clinical features of SLE in Thai males and females. J. Med. Assoc. Thai 75(3): 133–40, Mar 1992.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Costallat LT. et al. SLE in 18 Brazilian males: clinical and laboratory analysis.Clin. Rheumatol. 12(4): 522–5, Dec. 1993.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Pande I. et al. SLE in Indian men: analysis of the clinical and laboratory features with a review of the literature. Lupus 3(3): 181–6, Jun 1994.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Specker C. et al. SLE in men-a different prognosis? Z. Rheumatol. 53(6): 339–45, Nov–Dec 1994.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Koh WH. et al. SLE in 61 oriental males. A study of clinical and laboratory manifestations. Br. J. R. 33(4): 339–42, April 1994.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Ward MM. et al. Long-term survival in SLE. Arthritis and rheum. 38(2): 274–83, Feb. 1995.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Chang H. et al. Lupus in Chinese male: a retrospective study of 61 patients. Chung Hua. I. 55(2): 143–150, Feb. 1995.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Wang. C. et al. Lupus nephritis in male adults. Chung Hua. Nei. 34(12): 827–830, Dec. 1995.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Sequeira et al. Systemic lupus erythematosus: sex hormones in male patients. Lupus 2(5): 315–317, Oct. 1993.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Blanco et al. Clinical and serological manifestations of 307 Spanish patients with SLE. Rev. Clin. Esp. 195(8): 534–540, Aug. 1995.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Tan EM, Cohen AS, Fries JF, et al The 1982 revised criteria for the classification of systemic lupus erythematosus. Arthritis Rheum. 25: 1271–1277, 1982.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Dubois EL et al. Clinical and laboratory manifestations of systemic lupus erythematosus. In: Wallance DJ. Dubois EL. eds. Dubois’ Lupus Erythematosus, 3rd ed. Philadelphia; Lea and Febiger, 317–449, 1987.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Rheumatology ClinicSt. Luke’s HospitalMaltaUSA

Personalised recommendations