Biological Nitrogen Fixation and Future Challenges of Agriculture

The Endophytic Connection
  • Federico SánchezEmail author
  • Luis Cárdenas
  • Carmen Quinto
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 464)


Feeding the growing global population, anticipated to be 8 billion by the year 2020, is one of the most important recent challenges of agriculture. The increase in cereal grain yield, to cope with this demand, directly implies a dramatic increase in the use of nitrogen-based fertilizers and agrochemicals. Some of these intensive agricultural practices have progressive detrimental effects on the environment. This review is focused on some novel insights gained into the understanding of associative and symbiotic interactions of plants with nitrogen-fixing organisms that makes Biological Nitrogen Fixation (BNF) a viable answer to this compelling dilemma.


Endophytic Bacterium Biological Nitrogen Fixation Azospirillum Brasilense Diazotrophic Bacterium Intensive Agricultural Practice 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Federico Sánchez
    • 1
    Email author
  • Luis Cárdenas
    • 1
  • Carmen Quinto
    • 1
  1. 1.Departamento de Biología Molecular de Plantas Instituto de BiotecnologíaUniversidad Nacional Aut ónoma de MéxicoCuernavaca MorelosMéxico

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