HIV Testing and Its Impact
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Testing for HIV is the first step in the chain of events leading to the discovery that one is HIV seropositive and thus HIV infected. However, reasons for seeking testing, the psychological impact of testing, and disclosure after obtaining a positive HIV test result may all show considerable variation. Indeed, Phillips and Coates,1 in a review of HIV counseling and testing research and policy issues, note that much of the literature is based on samples of convenience, and that the randomized sample designs that would be required to determine the impact of counseling and testing have not been carried out or may not be ethically appropriate. Much of the research on testing covers populations other than gay and bisexual men—women and children, heterosexual people, and injecting drug users.
KeywordsSexual Partner Sexual Risk Behavior Heterosexual People Steady Sexual Partner
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