Interactions of Scandium and Yttrium with Molecules of Biological Interest

  • Chaim T. Horovitz
Part of the Biochemistry of the Elements book series (BOTE, volume 13A)


The topics of complex stability and ligand exchange are crucial to understand the functioning of metals in both chemical and biological systems. First-order rate constants of complex formation of Sc3+ and Y3+ were calculated, i.e., 5 x 107 and 1.3 x 107 k.sec-1, respectively (Hanzlik, 1976).


Humic Acid Stability Constant Ternary Complex Biological Interest Rare Earth Element 
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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Chaim T. Horovitz
    • 1
  1. 1.RehovotIsrael

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