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An Improvement in the Supply of Safe Blood: Virus Inactivated Plasma Prepared in the Blood Bank

  • Y. Piquet
  • G. Janvier
  • P. Selosse
  • E. Angevain
  • J. Jouneau
  • G. Nicolle
  • C. Doutremepuich
  • G. Vezon
Chapter
Part of the Developments in Hematology and Immunology book series (DIHI, volume 27)

Abstract

To reduce virus infectivity in blood products, several methods were attempted. Selection and then screening of volunteer donors (HBsAg, anti-HIV Ab, anti-HBc Ab, anti-HCV Ab, ALAT) have reduced the likelihood of viral transmission. Despite all the screening tests and the purification methods used to produce therapeutic stable protein solutions, the best method for further reducing viral risks is the introduction of a viral inactivation step in the procedure. For albumin, pasteurization [[1]] on the final product has been found to be an effective way for viral sterilization and until now no case of hepatitis B has been attributed to pasteurized albumin. For coagulation factors, the first method used was the heating of concentrates in the lyophilised state [[2]] to kill HIV virus. Improvement has been achieved by including a solvent detergent method in the procedure to inactivate all viruses [[3]].

Keywords

Human Immunodeficiency Virus Factor VIII Coagulation Factor Virus Inactivation Lyophilised State 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Y. Piquet
    • 1
  • G. Janvier
    • 2
  • P. Selosse
    • 3
  • E. Angevain
    • 1
  • J. Jouneau
    • 1
  • G. Nicolle
    • 1
  • C. Doutremepuich
    • 4
  • G. Vezon
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre Régional de Transfusion SanguineBordeaux CedexFrance
  2. 2.CHU PellegrinBordeauxFrance
  3. 3.Octapharma A.G.GlarusSwitzerland
  4. 4.Facult de Pharmacie de BordeauxBordeauxFrance

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