Reinforced Plastics

  • S. I. Krishnamachari


Reinforced plastics—or composites—are a synergetic combination of two materials, one called the matrix 1, and the other called the reinforcement. The reinforcement materials are usually much stronger and stiffer than the matrix materials. Most reinforcements come in the form of fibers, (continuous or chopped) although other forms have been used, to an extent. The other forms are particles, flakes, and ribbons. Figure 7.1 shows the various forms of reinforcements and matrices used in the industry. The reader is referred to References 2, 9, and 23. Figure 7.2 shows the possible variations in the construction of composites. In composites, the matrix material is the continuous medium, and the reinforcement is dispersed.


Failure Criterion Failure Envelope Reinforce Plastic Symmetric Laminate Maximum Stress Criterion 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. I. Krishnamachari
    • 1
  1. 1.L.J. Broutman & Associates, Ltd.ChicagoUSA

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