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Materials for electrolyte: Crystalline compounds

  • Christian Julien
  • Gholam-Abbas Nazri
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Part of the The Kluwer International Series in Engineering and Computer Science book series (SECS, volume 271)

Abstract

Superionic conductors are solid compound materials that present an anomalously high ionic conductivity, comparable, in order of magnitude, to that of liquid electrolytes. They also present effective atomic diffusion coefficients of the same order as in liquids or gases. These phenomena are observed in such a variety of substances including crystals, glasses, and polymers. In general the conductivity increases with temperature T according to the Arrhenius law. Systems with ionic conductivity of order of 1 S cm-1 at room temperature are ideal for practical applications but many useful materials show results which are several orders of magnitude lower than this. For comparison, the ionic conductivity of the ordinary ionic conductor NaCl is about 10-15 S cm-1 at room temperature. The common structural feature of these materials is the existence of conduction paths connecting fractionally occupied sites.

Keywords

Ionic Conductivity Solid Electrolyte High Ionic Conductivity Superionic Conductor Fluorite Structure 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christian Julien
    • 1
  • Gholam-Abbas Nazri
    • 2
  1. 1.Université Pierre et Marie CurieFrance
  2. 2.General Motors Research LaboratoriesUSA

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