Changes in Adhesion Plaque Protein Levels Regulate Cell Motility And Tumorigenicity
Part of the
Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
book series (AEMB, volume 358)
Cell adhesion to neighboring cells and to the extracellular matrix (ECM) plays a major role in cell and tissue morphogenesis (Edelman, 1992; Takeichi, 1991; Hynes, 1992). These complex, adhesion-related cellular processes are mediated through transmembrane contact receptors of the cadherin and integrin families of receptors (Takeichi, 1991; Hynes, 1992). In the cytoplasmic domain, these receptors interact with cytoskeletal plaque proteins such as vinculin, talin and α-actinin which anchor the microfilament system to junctional areas in adherens type junctions (AJ) in adhesion plaques, and to α and β catenin and plakoglobin in cell-cell AJ (Burridge et al., 1988; Geiger and Ginsberg, 1991; Geiger et al., 1992). The cascade of molecular interactions which links the outside to the inside of the cell defines cell shape and motility, and also has a function in signal transduction which results in effects on cell growth, differentiation, and gene expression (Ben-Ze’ev, 1991; 1992; Schwartz, 1992; Haskill and Juliano, 1993). Signaling through adhesion plaques is suggested to occur through changes in tyrosine phosphorylation (Burridge et al., 1992; Volberg et al., 1992). Moreover, recent studies have demonstrated that the changes in tyrosine phosphorylation of a cytoplasmic adhesion plaque tyrosine kinase (p125FAK) is common to adhesion related signaling and to growth factor, cytokine and neuropeptide induced signaling (Zachary and Rozengurt, 1992), and that tyrosine phosphorylation of p125FAK is constitutively activated in oncogene-transformed cells (Guan and Shalloway, 1992). These results suggest a convergence, in adhesion plaques, of signals transduced by cytokines, oncogenes and adhesion.
KeywordsTyrosine Phosphorylation Adhesion Plaque Transfected Clone Tumorigenic Ability Syngeneic Animal
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