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Urolithiasis 2 pp 493-497 | Cite as

Effect of Medical Management and Residual Fragments on Recurrent Stone Formation Following Extra-Corporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy

  • J. K. Fine
  • C. Y. C. Pak
  • G. M. Preminger

Abstract

Before the advent of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) and percutaneous nephrostolithotomy, patients underwent open surgical procedures for the removal of their stone burden. A successful surgical procedure was defined as complete removal of all stones without leaving any residual stone fragments. Patients with residual calculi were considered as treatment failures.

Keywords

Stone Formation Shock Wave Lithotripsy Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy Residual Stone Stone Burden 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. K. Fine
    • 1
  • C. Y. C. Pak
    • 2
  • G. M. Preminger
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Division of Urology, Department of SurgeryThe University of TexasDallasUSA
  2. 2.The Center for Mineral Metabolism and Clinical Research, Southwestern Medical CenterThe University of TexasDallasUSA

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