Effect of Medical Management and Residual Fragments on Recurrent Stone Formation Following Extra-Corporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy
Before the advent of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) and percutaneous nephrostolithotomy, patients underwent open surgical procedures for the removal of their stone burden. A successful surgical procedure was defined as complete removal of all stones without leaving any residual stone fragments. Patients with residual calculi were considered as treatment failures.
KeywordsStone Formation Shock Wave Lithotripsy Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy Residual Stone Stone Burden
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