Mild Errors of Morphogenesis: One of the Most Controversial Subjects in Dysmorphology

  • Paul Merlob


The interest in congenital malformations is as ancient as the science of medicine. Since time immemorial human beings have been shocked and frightened by the appearance of different congenital malformations. These feelings were fueled by the superstitious belief that birth defects were monstrous or demonic manifestations. Even minor malformations stimulated the imagination. The most extreme “treatment” of these abnormalities was probably exercised by the people of ancient Sparta.


Down Syndrome Congenital Malformation Congenital Hypothyroidism Diabetic Mother Major Malformation 
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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paul Merlob
    • 1
  1. 1.Neonatal DepartmentBeilinson Medical CenterPetah TiqvaIsrael

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