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The Muscarinic Receptor-Stimulated Phosphoinositide Metabolism as a Potential Target for the Neurotoxicity of Ethanol During Brain Development

  • Walter Balduini
  • Flaminio Cattabeni
  • Filippo Renò
  • Lucio G. Costa

Abstract

The underlying molecular events by which EtOH induces its profound deleterious effects on the developing central nervous system (CNS) are still poorly understood. In the past, the accepted scientific view of the effect of EtOH was that it altered neuronal activity by virtue of a non specific interaction with neuronal membranes. However, recent developments suggest that its action may be directed toward pre- and/or post-synaptic events, including synthesis, turnover, release, binding of neurotransmitters to receptor sites, and second messenger systems. In the present chapter, we present data showing a selective interaction of EtOH with muscarinic receptor-stimulated phosphoinositide hydrolysis during postnatal development in the rat suggesting, therefore, that this system may represent a specific and relevant target for the developmental neurotoxicity of EtOH.

Keywords

Brain Development Muscarinic Receptor Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Postnatal Development Muscarinic Agonist 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Walter Balduini
    • 1
  • Flaminio Cattabeni
    • 1
  • Filippo Renò
    • 1
  • Lucio G. Costa
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Pharmacology and PharmacognosyUniversity of UrbinoUrbinoItaly
  2. 2.Department of Environmental HealthUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA

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