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High Rate Resistive Plate Chambers: An Inexpensive, Fast, Large Area Detector of Energetic Charged Particles for Accelerator and Non-Accelerator Applications

  • C. R. Wuest
  • E. Ables
  • R. M. Bionta
  • O. Clamp
  • M. Haro
  • G. J. Mauger
  • K. Miller
  • H. Olson
  • P. Ramsey

Abstract

Resistive Plate Chambers, or RPCs, have been used until recently as large area detectors of cosmic ray muons. They are now finding use as fast large-area trigger and muon detection systems for different high energy physics detectors such the L3 Detector at LEP and future detectors to be built at the Superconducting Super Collider (SSC) and at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN.1,2 RPC systems at these accelerators must operate with high efficiency, providing nanosecond timing resolution in particle fluences up to a few tens of kHz/cm2 - with thousands of square meters of active area. RPCs are simple and cheap to construct.

Keywords

Large Hadron Collider Rate Capability Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Bulk Resistivity Noise Rate 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. 1.
    GEM Collaboration “An Expression of Interest to Construct a Major SSC Detector,” GEM-TN-91-1.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    A. Bohrer, et al., “Status Report of the RD5 Experiment,” CERN/DRDC/91-53, January 13, 1992.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    M. Widgoff, et al., “Behavior of Large Resistive Plate Counters at High Rates,” presented at the Fifth International Industrial Symposium on the Super Collider (IISSC), San Francisco, May 7 (1993).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    G. Battistoni, et al., “Plastic Spark Counters with PVC Electrodes,” Nucl. Inst. Meth. A270, p. 190, 1988.ADSGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    R. Cardarelli, et al., “Progress in Resistive Plate Counters,” Nucl. Inst. Meth. A263, p. 20, 1988.ADSGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    M. Anelli, et al., “Glass Electrode Spark Counters,” Nucl. Inst. Meth. A300, p. 572, 1991.ADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. R. Wuest
    • 1
  • E. Ables
    • 1
  • R. M. Bionta
    • 1
  • O. Clamp
    • 1
  • M. Haro
    • 1
  • G. J. Mauger
    • 1
  • K. Miller
    • 1
  • H. Olson
    • 1
  • P. Ramsey
    • 1
  1. 1.Lawrence Livermore National LaboratoryLivermoreUSA

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