Reproductive Behavior: The Role of Acoustic Signals in Species Recognition and Speciation
Biparental sexual reproduction is usual in planthoppers. In this they resemble their other relatives among the Auchenorrhyncha. Den Bieman and de Vrijer (1987) discovered the only known example of a truly parthenogenetic planthopper, but pseudogamy has been reported in a few species. The evolution of these forms of reproduction will be discussed further below. Biparental reproduction involves a complicated sequence of behavior that results in contact between receptive males and females of the same species. These behavior patterns, from long-range mate location to copulation and transfer of gametes, may best be included under the general title of mating behavior.
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