Nutritional aspects of vitamins

  • D. H. Shrimpton

Abstract

The concept of a disease caused by a nutrient deficiency has its origin in the studies of Lind in 1753 (see Stewart, 1953) on the cause of scurvy and in the demonstration by Cook (1776) and quoted by Carpenter (1986), of the practical value of Lind’s hypothesis. By the end of the eighteenth century the impact on the navy of the control of scurvy was so great that it was asserted that it was equivalent to doubling the fighting force (Dudley, 1953). A century later the classic publications of Eijkman (1890, 1896), Funk (1912) and Hopkins (1912) established a generalised theory that a number of ‘specific accessory constituents’, later termed vitamins by Drummond (1920), were uniquely associated with the occurrence of specific diseases with overt clinical symptoms.

Keywords

Nicotin Tryptophan Dermatitis Biotin Sorghum 

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