Water supplies, effluent disposal and other environmental considerations

  • M. J. V. Wayman


As water is the principal component of fruit and fruit products, it is surprising that only relatively recently its sourcing and disposal have been given due consideration. The more settled climate of past decades has given way to more erratic weather patterns world-wide. This change has far-reaching implications for crop husbandry and, not least, for environmental concerns. In periods of drought or areas of low rainfall, the recycling, or at least the further use of water, even if only for irrigation, has become pressing.


Chemical Oxygen Demand Activate Sludge Biological Oxygen Demand Environmental Consideration Fruit Processing 
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Further reading

Water supplies and treatment

  1. Camp, T.R. (1963). Water and its Impurities. Reinhold.Google Scholar
  2. HMSO (1976 to 1992). Index of Methods for the Examination of Waters etc. HMSO, London.Google Scholar
  3. Houghton, H.W. & McDonald, D. (1978). In Developments in Soft Drinks Technology (ed. Green, L.F.). Applied Science.Google Scholar
  4. Sykes, G. (1965). Disinfection: Theory and Practice, 2nd edn. E. & F.N. Spon.Google Scholar

Waste treatment and disposal

  1. American Chemical Society Division of Agriculture and Food Chemistry (1988). Quality Factors of Fruits and Vegetables. American Chemical Society, Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  2. Besselievre, E.B. (1952). Industrial Waste Treatment. McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
  3. Gurnham, C.F. (1965). Industrial Wastewater Control. Academic Press.Google Scholar
  4. Hayes, G.D. (1991). Qualities in the Food Industry. Department of Food Manufacturing, Manchester Polytechnic, UK.Google Scholar
  5. Hevzka, A. & Booth, R.G. (ed.) (1981). Food Industry Wastes: Disposal and Recovery. Applied Science.Google Scholar
  6. Hulme, A.C. (ed.) (1970). The Biochemistry of Fruits and Their Products, Vol. 1 (Vol II, 1971). Academic Press.Google Scholar
  7. Koziorowski, B. & Kucharski, J. (1972). Industrial Waste Disposal, Pergamon.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. J. V. Wayman

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