Route Surveys

  • David W. Gibson


Highways, railways, canals, tunnels, dams, pipelines, and transmission lines are constructed works having linear shapes classified as routes. A unique system for expressing route geometry has developed that, once learned, can be applied without fail to this broad range of projects by all surveyors, designers, and constructors.


Sine Azimuth Dinates Crest Stake 


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  1. Kavanagh, B. F. 1989. Surveying with Construction Applications, 3rd ed. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
  2. Meyer, C. F., and D. W. Gibson, 1980. Route Surveying and Design, 5th ed. New York: Harper Collins.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • David W. Gibson

There are no affiliations available

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