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Bone Marrow Transplantation in Thalassemia

  • Guido Lucarelli
  • Claudio Giardini
Part of the Cancer Treatment and Research book series (CTAR, volume 76)

Abstract

The term thalassemia is used to define various hereditary anemias that are identified by a reduced production of one of the globin chains that form the hemoglobin molecule. Thalassemia syndromes are widely distributed throughout Mediterranean, Middle Eastern, and Asian countries, and occur with a significant incidence worldwide in populations that originated in these regions. The thalassemias probably represent the most common single gene disorder to cause a major public health problem in the world [1]. In the Mediterranean area alone there are more than 200,000 β-homozygous thalassemia patients, and according to the World Health Organization approximately 180 million people are heterozygous for one of several forms of genetic disorder of hemoglobin synthesis [2]. In β-thalassemia there is deficient or absent synthesis of the β-globin chains that constitute the adult hemoglobin molecule. Because β-thalassemia is a genetic disease in which the known expression of the genetic defect is located in the hematopoietic system, it is rationally curable by allogeneic bone marrow transplantation. The first successful transplant in β-thalassemia was in an untransfused 14- month-old child and was reported by Thomas in 1982 [3]. At about the same time a 14-year-old thalassemic patient who had received 150 red cell transfusions was transplanted in Pesaro but had recurrence of thalassemia after rejection of the graft. The first report from Pesaro on this topic was in 1984 [4], and since then several centers have reported experience with marrow transplantation for thalassemia (Table 1).

Keywords

Bone Marrow Transplantation Iron Overload Conditioning Regimen Acute GVHD Chronic GVHD 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Guido Lucarelli
  • Claudio Giardini

There are no affiliations available

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