Accuracy Improvement of Ultrasonic Inspection for Civil Structures and Materials
When we want to extend the life of an actual infrastructure and improve its serviceability adjusting the change of environmental situation, we need to evaluate its structural integrity quantitatively by using an appropriate inspection procedure on it. It is, therefore, important for a civil engineer to set up an effective inspection procedure to get the quantitative integrity evaluation of an infrastructure. The procedure of inspection for an infrastructure in Japan is divided into two types, that is, a periodical inspection and occasional (eventwise) inspection just after an earthquake. Inspector is chosen to have his experience career as a civil engineer more than 5 years and inspects infrastructures to classify the integrity level by five ranks on the each part of the structure by using the visual inspection according to the inspection manual tentatively provided by the Public Works Research Institute, Ministry of Construction. In the case if an inspector found any important damage or defect by the visual inspection, the precise inspection will be done by using a nondestructive testing to evaluate the size, shape and location of the damage or defect on the infrastructure. And if we could identify the damage or defect with an accurate information, we can evaluate its remaining life time by means of fracture mechanics and fatigue analysis and decide whether the damage or defect will propagate further or not. Thus we can, eventually, evaluate the structural integrity of the infrastructure by using the analysis of quantification theory  to classify the structures into four groups of integrity as A (Keep Watching), B (Need Small Repair), C (Need Large Repair) and D (Need Replace or Reconstruction).
KeywordsFatigue Welding Gravel
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- 1.N. Sugawara, T. Oshima, S. Mikami, S. Sugiura: On the Accuracy Improvement in Ultrasonic Inspection by Using Computer Graphics and Waveform Analysis, Proc. of Japan Society of Civil Engineers, No.459/I-22, 1993.Google Scholar
- 2.N. Sugawara, T. Oshima, S. Mikami, S. Sugiura: On the Accuracy Improvement of Small Defect for Ultrasonic Inspection by Using Scientific Visual Analysis, Review of Progress in Quantitative Nondestructive Evaluation, Vol.12, Ed. D.D. Thompson and D.E. Chimenti, 1993.Google Scholar
- 3.H. Mori, T. Oshima, S. Mikami, M. Honma, M. Funatsu: Effect of Individual Decision of Bridge Expert on Total Evaluation of Bridge Integrity, Journal of Constructional Steel, Vol.2, 1994.Google Scholar
- 4.N.J. Carino, M. Sansalone, N.H. Hsu: Flaw Detection in Concrete by Frequency Spectrum Analysis of Impact-Echo Waveforms, International Advances in Nondestructive Testing, Vol.12, 1986.Google Scholar
- 5.N.J. Carino, M. Sansalone: Flaw Detecting in Concrete using the Impact-Echo Method, NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Bridge Evaluation, Repair and Rehabilitation, 1990.Google Scholar
- 6.M. Sansalone, N.J. Carino: Detection Delaminations in Concrete Slabs with and without Overlays Using the Impact-Echo Method, ACI Materials Journal, Technical Paper, 1989.Google Scholar
- 7.A. Nanni, C.C. Yang, K. Pan, J. Wang, R.R. Michael, Jr.: Fiber-Optic Sensors for Concrete Strain/Stress Measurement, ACI Materials Journal, Technical Paper, 1991.Google Scholar
- 8.S.F. Masri, M.S. Agbabian, A.M. Abdel-Ghaffar, M. Higazy, R.O. Claus, M.J. de Vries: Experimental Study of Embedded Fiber-Optic Strain Gauges in Concrete Structures, ASCE, Vol.120, EM8, 1994.Google Scholar