Body Leaning Induced by Galvanic Vestibular and Vibratory Leg Muscle Stimulation

  • F. Hlavacka
  • M. Krizkova


The aim of human stance stability is to maintain the body’s center of gravity over its base of support with minimal postural muscle activation. Multisensory information, mainly from vestibular, visual and somatosensory afferents, is integrated in a continual process of adjusting the body’s center of gravity in relation to an internal space reference frame (Gurfinkel et al., 1988). Thus, the body is continuously and slowly leaning away from and towards the vertical position.


Tibialis Anterior Postural Response Vestibular Stimulation Galvanic Vestibular Stimulation Proprioceptive Input 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Eklund, G., 1972, General features of vibration-induced effects on balance, Uppsala J. Med. Sci. 77:112–124.Google Scholar
  2. Fitzpatrick, R., Burke, D., and Gandevia, S., 1994, Task-dependent reflex responses and movement illusions evoked by galvanic vestibular stimulation in standing humans, J. Physiol. 478:363–372.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Goldberg, J.M., Fernandez, C., and Smith, C.E., 1982, Responses of vestibular-nerve afferents in the squirrel monkey to externally applied galvanic currents, Brain Res. 252:156–160.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Gurfinkel, V.S., Levik, Yu.S., Popov, K.E., Smetanin, B.N., and Shlikov, V.Yu., 1988, Body scheme in the control of postural activity. In: Stance and Motion: Facts and Concepts, V.S. Gurfinkel, M.E. Ioffe, J. Massion, and J.P. Roll (eds.), Springer Science+Business Media New York and London, pp.185–193.Google Scholar
  5. Hagbarth, K.-E., 1973, The effect of muscle vibration in normal man and in patients with motor disorders. In: New Developments in Electromyography and Clinical Neurophysiology, J.E. Desmedt (ed.), Vol. 3, Karger, Basel, pp. 428–443.Google Scholar
  6. Hlavacka, F., Mergner, T., and Schweigart, G., 1992, Interaction of vestibular and proprioceptive inputs for human self-motion perception, Neuroscience Letters 138:161–164.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Inglis, J.T., Shupert, C.L., Hlavacka, F., and Horak, F.B., 1995, The effect of galvanic vestibular stinulation on human postural responses during support surface translations. J. Neurophysiol. 73:896–901.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Njiokiktjien, Ch., and Folkerts, J.F., 1971, Displacement of the bodys center of gravity at galvanic stimulation of the labyrinth, Confinia Neurol. 33:46–54.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Popov, K.E., Smetanin, B.N., Gurfinkel, VS., Kudinova, M.P., and Shlykov, V. Yu., 1986, Spatial perception and vestibulomotor responses in man, Neurophysiol. (translated from Neirofiziologiya) 18:548–554.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Roll, J.P., Vedel, J.P., and Ribot, E., 1989, Alteration of proprioceptive messages induced by tendon vibration in man: a microneurographic study, Exp. Brain Res. 76:213–222.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Roll, J.P., Vedel, J.P., and Roll R., 1988b, Eye, head and skeletal muscle spindle feedback in the elaboration of body references. In: Progress in Brain Research, Vol. 80, J.H.J. Allum and M. Hulliger (Eds.), Elsevier Science Publishers B.V. (Biomedical Division), pp.113–123.Google Scholar
  12. Saling, M., and Hlavacka, F., 1988, Postural responses evoked by unilateral vibration of lower limb muscles in standing subjects. In: Mechanoreceptors: Development, Structure and Function. P. Hnik, T. Soukop, R. Vejsada, and J. Zelena (Eds.), Springer Science+Business Media New York, pp.407–409.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Hlavacka
    • 1
  • M. Krizkova
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Normal and Pathological PhysiologySlovak Academy of SciencesBratislavaSlovak Republic

Personalised recommendations