Smoking Prevalence in Pregnant Women in Southern Derbyshire, UK in 1992
Smoking in pregnancy is the single most common cause of medical problems in pregnancy in Western countries. It increases the risk of miscarriage by 27% and of perinatal death by 33%. It contributes to intrauterine growth retardation, placental problems, and premature labour. Smoking during pregnancy also causes Sudden Infant Death Syndrome and reduced growth and education achievements in childhood.