Advertisement

Synthesis of 1–10 Micron Polymer Particles by the New Grafting-Precipitation Method (GPM)

  • W. De Winter
  • D. Timmerman
  • R. Declercq

Abstract

In the technology of polymer synthesis in heterogeneous (preferentially aqueous) media, the techniques of emulsion-and suspension polymerisation are well known (10). Emulsion polymerisation results in very small polymer particles (size 0.06–0.2 µm) and suspension polymerisation yields much larger polymer particles (size ≥20 µm).

Keywords

Graft Copolymer Polymer Particle Monomer Concentration Solubility Parameter Initiator Concentration 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Almog, Y., Reich, S. and Levy, M., Brit.Polym.J., 14, 131, (1982)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Almog, Y. and Levy, M., J.Polymer Sci., Pol.Chem.Ed. 19, 115, 1981.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Antl, L., Goodwin, J.W., Hill, R.D., Ottewil, R.H., Owens, S.M., Papworth, S. and Waters, J.A., Colloids and Surfaces, 17, 67, (1986).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Barrett, K., Brit.Polym.J., 5, 259, (1973).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Chung-li, Y., Goodwin, J. and Ottewil, R., Prog.-Co11.&Po1.Sci., 60, 173, (1976).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Corner, T., Colloids and Surfaces, 3, 119, (1981).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Croucher, M.D. and Winnik, M.A., Nato Asi Ser., Ser.C., 303, 35 (1990).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    De Winter, W., Mariën A., and Michiels, E., Bull.Soc.Chim.Belge, 99, 977, (1990).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Fitch, R.M. and Tsai, C.H., in Polymer Colloids, Ed. R.M. Fitch, Plenum Press, New York, 73, (1971).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Flory, P., Principles of Polymer Chemistry, Ithaca Press, New York, 1953.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Fornasari, B., Zunino, A., Besio, M. and Massirio, S., Eur.Pat.Appl. 0 610 522, pr. 8–2–93, to Minnesota Mining & Manuf.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Frazza, M., Ho, K., Raney, R., Vogel, M. and Kowalski, A., Eur.Pat.Appl. 0 448 391, pr. 20–3–91, to Rohm & Haas Co.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Goodwin, J., Ottewil, R., Pelton, R., Vianello, G. and Yates, D., Brit.Polym.J. 10, 173, (1978).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Graetz, C.W., Thompson, M.W. and Waters, F.A.,Eur.Patent 0 013 478(1982)to Imperial Chemial Industries.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Judat, H., Chemie Ing.Techn. 47(7), 303, (1975).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Li, К. and Stöver, H., J.Polymer Sci. part A, 31, 3257, 1993.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Lok, K.P. and Ober, C.K., U.S.Patent 4,247,434 (1981) to Xerox Corporation.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Lok, K.P. and Ober, C.K., Can.J.Chem., 63, 209, (1985).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Maadhah, A.G., Amin, M.B. and Usmani, A.M., Polymer Bull. 14, 433, 1985CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Napper, D.H., Ind.Eng.Chem., Prod.Res.Dev., 9, 467, (1970).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Napper, D.H., J.Colloid Interface Sci., 58, 390, (1977).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Ober, C.K., A.C.S.PolymerPreprints, 28(1), 248, (1987).Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Ober, C.K. and Hair, M.L., J.Polym.Sci., Polym.Chem.Ed. 25, 1395, (1987).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Ober, C.K. and Lok, K.P., Macromolecules, 20, 268 (1987).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Omi, S., Katami, K., Yamamoto, A. and Iso, M., J.Appl.Polymer Sci. 51, 1, (1994).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    Paine, A.J., J.Polym.Sci., Part A, Polym.Chem. 28(9), 2485, (1990).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    Paine, A.J., Macromolecules, 23(12), 3109, (1990).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Timmerman, D., Priem, J. and Janssens, J., Eur.Pat.Appl. 0 080 225, pr. 10–11–82, to Agfa-Gevaert.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Timmerman, D., Thijs, V., De Winter, W., Claes, F.H. and Vandenabeele, H., U.S.Pat. 3,941,727, pr. 23–10–73, to Agfa-Gevaert.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Tsing, C.M., Lu, Y.Y., El-Aasser, M.S. and Vanderhoff, J.W., J.Polym.Sci., Part A, Polym.Chem.Ed. 24, 2995 (1986).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Tuncel, A., Kahraman, R. and Piskin, E., J.Appl.Polym.Sci., 50, 303, (1993).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Ugelstad, J., Kaggerud, K.H., Hansen, F.K. and Berge, A., Makromol.Chem. 180, 737, (1979).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Vincent, B., Adv.Colloid Interface Sci., 4, 193, (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Winnik, M.A., Lukas, R., Chen, W.F., Furlong, P. and Croucher, M.D., Makromol.Chem., Macromol.Symp., 10/11, 483, (1987).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. De Winter
    • 1
  • D. Timmerman
    • 1
  • R. Declercq
    • 1
  1. 1.Central Research Dept.Agfa-GevaertMortselBelgium

Personalised recommendations