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Development of Opsin and Synapses in Monkey Photoreceptors

  • A. Hendrickson
  • E. Dorn
  • K. Bumsted
  • A. Szel

Abstract

Primate vision is characterized by high acuity and color perception, each of which originate in cone photoreceptors. Visual sensitivity resides in rod photoreceptors. Adult Macaca monkey retina contains an average of 2.9–3.5 million cones and rods average 60.1 million with considerable individual variation1. Macaca retinal topography is centered on the fovea, a specialized region which contains only cones and has a depression in the inner retina. The monkey fovea has a cone density around 200,000/mm2 which drops rapidly into the periphery. Beginning on the foveal edge, rods rapidly increase in number and rod density peaks at the eccentricity of the optic disc in a circular ring that has a density close to that of foveal cones1–3. This distinctive topography results in a cone-dominated fovea and a rod-dominated periphery whose developmental patterns can be studied separately.

Keywords

Bipolar Cell Opsin Gene Cone Photoreceptor Ribbon Synapse Cone Opsin 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. Hendrickson
    • 1
    • 2
  • E. Dorn
    • 1
    • 2
  • K. Bumsted
    • 1
    • 2
  • A. Szel
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Departments of Biological Structure and OphthalmologyUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA
  2. 2.Semmelweise UniversityBudapestHungary

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