Fading Patterns on on the Sonagram of Atmospherics

  • Sazanami Yano
  • Toshio Ogawa
  • Hidetaka Hagino
  • Katsutami Kawakami


It is known that whistler traces on a sonagram have a pattern consisted of some deep minima in intensity. Fading patterns made by this kind of intensity minima are found on almost all traces of normal sferics. In this report the fading patterns on the sonagram of atmospherics; normal sferics, tweeks, and whistlers has been investigated. It was suggested that there are two possible mechanisms making the fading patterns. The first is that caused by the time lag between two or more waves generated from impulsive sources. The second is that caused by the pulse width of a source current waveform. The fading patterns caused by two mechanisms are similar when the time lag of double impulses equals to the pulse width of single unipolar pulse. The theoretical patterns of the spectrum obtained by FFT of the waves which are numerically calculated specifying the time lag or the pulse width bear a close resemblance to the measured fading patterns.


Pulse Width Single Pulse Hybrid Pattern Whistler Wave Amplitude Point 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sazanami Yano
    • 1
  • Toshio Ogawa
    • 2
  • Hidetaka Hagino
    • 3
  • Katsutami Kawakami
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Electrical EngineeringKochi National Collece of TechnologyMonobe, Nankoke, KochiJapan
  2. 2.Science Laboratory InternationalKochiJapan
  3. 3.Department of Electrical TechnologyKochi Politechnical CollegeNishino, Noichi, KamigunJapan

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