In every mammal, with the exception of the monotremes, it is possible to identify at least three cellular components of the ventral nuclear group: the ventral lateral, ventral medial, and ventral posterior nuclei. In many species a ventral anterior nucleus can be distinguished as well and, in higher primates, the ventral lateral nucleus is clearly divided into at least two subnuclei. A ventral posterior inferior nucleus is also commonly identified.
KeywordsFatigue Torque Sodium Chloride Retina Fractionation
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