Estimation of the Potential Impact of Cross-Border Liberalization

  • Ian Reay
  • Richard Robinson
  • Frank Rodriguez
  • Paul Liddiard
Part of the Topics in Regulatory Economics and Policy Series book series (TREP, volume 38)

Abstract

The provision of universal postal service at a uniform tariff is a central feature of the postal industry in nearly all developed countries. The universal service obligation (USO) so defined is fulfilled typically by a universal service provider (USP), which is granted a reserved area over part of the mail market as a way to fund the USO. The scope of this monopoly is under review in many countries as governments and regulatory authorities move towards the promotion of competition in the postal market as a way to improve efficiency and broaden the range of choice for consumers. In Europe, both national governments and the European Union have taken steps in this direction. The 1997 Postal Directive lowered the reserved area to 350g at the same time as proposing studies of the postal market with a view to introducing a further round of liberalization to come into effect in 2003 (Official Journal, L15/14 (1998)).

Keywords

Europe Transportation Monopoly 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Arthur Andersen. 1998. Study on the Impact of Liberalization in the Postal Sector, Lot 1: Direct Mail.Google Scholar
  2. Bradley, Michael D., and Jeffrey Colvin. 2000. “Universal Service and Scope Economies.” In Current Directions in Postal Reform, edited by Michael A. Crew and Paul R. Kleindorfer, Boston, MA: Kluwer Academic Publishers.Google Scholar
  3. Cremer, Helmuth, Marc De Rycke and Andrè Grimaud, 1997. “Costs and Benefits of Universal Service Obligations in the Postal Sector.” In Managing Change in the Postal and Delivery Industries, edited by Michael A. Crew and Paul R. Kleindorfer, Boston, MA: Kluwer Academic Publishers.Google Scholar
  4. Cremer, Helmuth, Andrè. Grimaud, and Jean-Jacques Laffont. 2000. “The Cost of Universal Service in the Postal Sector.” In Current Directions in Postal Reform, edited by Michael A. Crew and Paul R. Kleindorfer, Boston, MA: Kluwer Academic Publishers.Google Scholar
  5. Crew, Michael A., and Paul R. Kleindorfer. 1998. “Efficient Entry, Monopoly, and the Universal Service Obligation in Postal Service.” Journal of Regulatory Economics, 14–2 (September): 103–125.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Crew, Michael A., and Paul R. Kleindorfer. 2000. “Liberalization and the Universal Service Obligation in Postal Service”. In Current Directions in Postal Reform, edited by Michael A. Crew and Paul R. Kleindorfer, Boston, MA: Kluwer Academic Publishers.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. CTcon. 1998a. On the Liberalization of Clearance, Sorting and Transport.Google Scholar
  8. CTcon. 1998b. Study on the Weight and Price Limits of the Reserved Area in the Postal Sector.Google Scholar
  9. Dobbs, Ian and Jeanne Golay. 1995. “Universal Service Obligation and Reserved Sector.” In Cost of Universal Service, edited by Ulrich Stumpf and Wolfgang Elsenbast. Papers presented at the 3rd Königswinter Seminar, WIK Proceedings.Google Scholar
  10. NERA. 1998. Costing and Financing of Universal Services in the Postal Sector in the European Union.Google Scholar
  11. Official Journal of the European Communities, 21/01/98, No L 15/14, “Directive No 97/67/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on common rules for the development of the internal market of Community postal services and the improvement of quality of service”.Google Scholar
  12. PostEurop. 1999. Developing European Posts: A Review of the European Commission’s Studies on Postal Liberalization.Google Scholar
  13. PricewaterhouseCoopers. 1998. The Impact of Liberalization of Cross-Border Mail.Google Scholar
  14. Reay, Ian. 2000. “Liberalizing European Postal Markets: The Advantages of Reducing the Weight/Price Threshold.” In Current Directions in Postal Reform, edited by Michael A. Crew and Paul R. Kleindorfer, Boston, MA: Kluwer Academic Publishers.Google Scholar
  15. Robinson, Richard, and Frank. Rodriguez. 2000. “Liberalization of the Postal Market and the Cost of the Universal Service Obligation: Some Estimates for the UK.” In Current Directions in Postal Reform, edited by Michael A. Crew and Paul R. Kleindorfer, Boston, MA: Kluwer Academic Publishers.Google Scholar
  16. Rodriguez, Frank, Stephen Smith, and David. Storer. 1999. “Estimating the Cost of Universal Service Obligation in Postal Service.” In Emerging Competition in Postal and Delivery Services, edited by Michael A. Crew and Paul R. Kleindorfer, Boston, MA: Kluwer Academic Publishers.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ian Reay
  • Richard Robinson
  • Frank Rodriguez
  • Paul Liddiard

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations