Seismic Design

  • Mohammad Iqbal


The subject of seismic design can easily fill several volumes. Wind and seismic loads have been the topics of countless research projects, and complete texts deal with the calculation of these loads. Interest in the design for earthquake effects has increased substantially in the light of experience obtained in the San Fernando earthquake of 1971 and other recent earthquakes. A great deal of time and effort has gone into the development of better methods of design. This result is a greater knowledge of earthquakes in conjunction with a better understanding of the forces they exert on buildings. New concepts have been developed concerning the earthquake resistance of buildings as determined by their ability to absorb the energy input from ground motion.


Lateral Force Seismic Design Lateral Load Plastic Hinge Shear Connector 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Building Seismic Safety Council, NEHRP Recommended Provisions for the Seismic Regulations for New buildings and Other Structures-FEMA-302. Washington D.C.: Federal Emergency Management Agency, 1998.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Building Seismic Safety Council, NEHRP Commentary on the Guidelines for the Seismic Rehabilitation of Buildings - FEMA-273 and Commentary FEMA-274. Washington, D.C.: Federal Emergency Management Agency, 1997.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    ACI Committee 318, Building Code requirements for Reinforced Concrete. Detroit, Michigan: American Concrete Institute, 1999.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    International Conference of Building Officials, Uniform Building Code. Whittier, California: ICBO, 1997.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    ATC-3, Tentative Provisions for the Development of Seismic Regulations for Buildings, ATC Publication 3-06 (National Bureau of Standards Publication 510). Washington, D.C.: Applied Technology Council, June 1978.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Structural Engineers Association of California, “1996 Recommended Lateral Force Requirements and Commentary”, (SEAOC Blue Book). San Francisco, California, 1996.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Structural Engineers Association of California, Seismic Design Manual, Volume I, Code Applications Examples. San Francisco, California, April 1999.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    William, A., Seismic Design of Buildings and Bridges. Austin, Texas: Engineering Press, 1999.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Portland Cement Association, Design of Low-rise Buildings, PCA-EB117. Skokie, Illinois: PCA, 1999.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Hilmy, S. I. and Masek, J. P., Failure Mechanisms of Parking Structures Damaged during the Northridge Earthquake, January 17, 1994. Santa Ana, CA.: Dames and Moore, 1994.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    International Conference of Building Officials, Maps of Known Active Fault Near-Source Zones in California and Adjacent Portions of Nevada. Whittier, CA: ICBO. 1999.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    www.usgs.govGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Gupta, A. K., Response Spectrum Method.. Ann Arbor, Michigan, CRC Press, 1992.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Green, N., Earthquake Resistant Building Design and Construction. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1981.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Derecho, A. T., Ghosh, S. K., Iqbal, M. and Fintel, M.: Strength, stiffness and ductility required in reinforced concrete structural walls in earthquake resistance. ACI Journal, V. 76, No. 8, August 1979, pp. 875–896.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    ATC-11, Seismic Resistance of Reinforced Concrete Shear Walls and Frame Joints: Implications of Recent Research for Design Engineers. Washington, D.C.: Applied Technology Council, 1983.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Fintel, M. and Ghosh, S.K.: Explicit inelastic dynamic design procedures for aseismic structures. In ACI Journal, Vol. 79, No. 2, March-April 1981, pp. 110–118.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Paulay, T. “Deterministic Design Procedure for Ductile Frames in Seismic Areas,” In Special Publication SP-63, American Concrete Institute, Detroit, Michigan, 1980, pp. 357–381.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Park, R.: Ductile design approach for reinforced concrete frames. In Earthquake Spectra, Earthquake engineering research institute, Vol. 2, No. 3, May 1986; pp. 565–620CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    ASCE-ACI Committee 423, State-of-the-art Report on Strength and Serviceability of Prestressed Concrete. Detroit, Michigan: American Concrete Institute, 2000. (In Publication).Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Fleishman, R., at al: Seismic behavior of precast parking structure diaphragms. In PCI Journal, Jan-Feb 1998, pp. 38 – 53.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Pincheira, J, et al: Tests on double tee flange connectors subjected to monotonic and cyclic loading. In PCI Journal, May-June 1998, pp. 84–96.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    PCI, Parking Structures: Recommended Practice for Design and Construction. Chicago, Illinois: Precast/Prestressed Concrete Institute,, 1997.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    PCI, Design Handbook, 5th Edition. Chicago, Illinois: Precast Prestressed Concrete Institute, 1999.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    PTI, Design, Construction and Maintenance of CIP Concrete parking Structures. Phoenix, AZ: Post-tensioning Institute, 2000.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    ACI Committee 352, Recommendations for design of beam-column joints in monolithic reinforced concrete structures. Detroit, Michigan: American Concrete Institute, 1981.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Alami, B. O. Barth, F. G. and Napior, K. Earthquake Performance of Post-tensioned Buildings, San Francisco earthquake - 1989. Phoenix, Arizona: Post-Tensioning Institute, August 1990.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Ghosh, S.K., Nikaki, S.D., Krishnan, k. Precast structures in regions of high seismicity: 1997 UBC design provisions. In PCI Journal, November-December 1997, pg. 76–93.Google Scholar
  29. ASCE, Seismic system snaps buildings back into shape. In Civil Engineering, American Society of Civil Engineers, New York, NY, September 1999, pp. 16.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Khan, F.R., and Sbarounis, J. Interaction of shearwall with frames. In Journal of the Structural Division, ASCE, Vol. 90, No. ST3, 1964, pp. 285–335Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Kelly, J. M: Aseismic base isolation: Its history and prospects. In Joint Sealing and Bearing Systems for Concrete Structures. Special Publication SP-70, Vol.1, Detroit, Michigan, American Concrete Institute, 1981, pp. 549–586.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Seminar on Base Isolation and Passive Energy Dissipation. Applied Technology Council, San Francisco, California, March 12–13, 1986.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mohammad Iqbal

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations