Goal and Reference Point Methods
Goal programming and its variants represent in many ways the earliest attempts at providing formal quantitative decision aid for complex multiple criteria decision problems. The approach was described by Charnes and Cooper (1961), while the reviews of Romero (1986) and of Schniederjans (1995) cite references dating back to the 1950s. A number of textbooks have appeared over the years, for example Lee (1972) and Ignizio (1976; 1985). A comprehensive recent review may be found in Lee and Olson (1999).
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