Effects of Affect on Self-Awareness

  • Thomas Shelley Duval
  • Paul J. Silvia


The Original Self-Awareness Theory argued that a variety of conditions could bring about objective self-awareness, but later research seemed to identify the conceptual processes with the concrete experimental inductions. Naturalistic inductions of self-awareness were rarely explored; this unfortunately narrowed the scope of self-awareness research. For this reason, one of the more interesting emerging research areas is the study of how affective states influence the intensity of self-focused attention. People are always experiencing some form of affect (Izard, 1977), so affect may be an especially significant naturalistic inducer of self-awareness. This area also promises insights into the interface of self-awareness and clinical psychology. Self-focus and dysfunctional affect co-occur in many disorders, but little is known about how they interactively create and sustain psychopathology (Wells & Matthews, 1994).


Positive Affect Affective State Negative Mood Positive Mood Neutral Group 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas Shelley Duval
    • 1
  • Paul J. Silvia
    • 2
  1. 1.University of Southern CaliforniaUSA
  2. 2.University of HamburgGermany

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