Gas Permeation Through the Films of Polyphenylene Oxides

  • Oleg M. Ilinich
Chapter

Abstract

The first and so far the best known representative of the family of polyphenylene ethers — poly-2, 6-dimethyl-l, 4-phenylene oxide, commonly called poly (phenylene oxide) or PPO — is also the one most intensively studied with respect to the membrane gas separation. The first study of gas permeability through PPO membrane known to the author was published by Yasuda and Rosengren in 1970 [1]. At that time the glassy polymers were considered exclusively as the “barrier” materials. The researches were rewarded by the result of paramount importance: the permeabilities of gases through PPO were found to be unexpectedly high. The analysis published by D.R. Paul in 1979 [2] showed that, with the exception of natural rubber, at that time PPO was the most permeable polymeric material. Poly (phenylene oxide) retained the reputation of the most permeable glassy polymer for more than a decade. Later on, with appearance on the arena of membrane gas separations of the permeability champion poly [1-(trimethylsylil)-1-propyne], or PTMSP, and of some other interesting glassy polymers like e.g. polyimides [3], the attention of the researchers shifted towards these new materials. Nevertheless, the membrane gas separation-related studies of polyphenylene ethers continue. The spectrum of materials investigated to date in this respect includes chemically modified poly-2, 6-dimethyl-l,4-phenylene oxide and newly synthesized homologous polyethylene ethers.

Keywords

Porosity Methane Phenol Hydrocarbon Propylene 

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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Oleg M. Ilinich
    • 1
  1. 1.Boreskov Institute of CatalysisRussia

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