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Mechanisms of Lung Epithelial Cell Injury by Pseudomonas Aeruginosa

  • Jeanine P. Wiener-Kronish
  • Dara Frank
  • Teiji Sawa
Part of the Molecular and Cellular Biology of Critical Care Medicine book series (MCCM, volume 1)

Abstract

The interactions between hosts and pathogens have evolved to select for gene combinations that can confer an advantage to either combatant. Bacteria have evolved several methods of inducing cell injury and are an important cause of acute lung injury (ALI). This review focuses on Pseudomonas aeruginosa, a soil bacterium that expresses many toxins that damage epithelial cells and can cause significant lung injury in critically ill patients (1). P. aeruginosa is rapidly becoming an important model system to better understand bacterial-host interactions leading to ALI. The recent sequencing and annotation of the P. aeruginosa genome will allow for microarray analyses to test the relevance of bacterial gene expression relative to host responses in several kinds of animal models. Moreover, the Pseudomonas research community already has a wealth of fundamental information regarding virulence gene and protein expression, and the delivery of toxic substances and enzymes to their cellular targets. Many laboratories are moving rapidly toward a phase where the individual virulence attributes, their expression, function, and regulation will be integrated into the biology of this metabolically and genetically versatile organism.

Keywords

Lung Injury Pseudomonas Aeruginosa Acute Lung Injury Cystic Fibrosis Transmembrane Conductance Regulator Epithelial Injury 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jeanine P. Wiener-Kronish
    • 1
    • 2
  • Dara Frank
    • 1
    • 2
  • Teiji Sawa
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Anesthesia and Perioperative CareUniversity of California at San FranciscoSan FranciscoUSA
  2. 2.Department of Microbiology and Molecular GeneticsMedical College of WisconsinMilwaukeeUSA

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