Is Milk a Conduit for Developmental Signals?

  • Kevin D. Nusser
  • L. Stephen Frawley
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 501)


The diverse role of milk in the neonate is slowly expanding beyond nutritional and immunological borders to include possible developmental roles for the numerous hormones and growth factors found in this medium. Yet, despite the growing list of milk-borne factors, the precise impact of each of these on the neonate remains to be elucidated. The focus of this review is to summarize studies from our laboratory which demonstrate clearly that milk-borne factors play an obligatory role in the postnatal development of at least one organ, the anterior pituitary gland.


Anterior Pituitary Gland Anterior Pituitary Cell Postnatal Development Developmental Signal Early Lactation 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kevin D. Nusser
    • 1
  • L. Stephen Frawley
    • 2
  1. 1.The Vollum InstituteOregon Health Sciences UniversityPortlandUSA
  2. 2.Department of Cell Biology and AnatomyMedical University of South CarolinaCharlestonUSA

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