Laboratory Testing in Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes is a common chronic and serious disease with the estimate that as many as 10% of Canadian adults have diabetes (1). All definitions of diabetes include some measure of hyperglycemia. Laboratory tests are used to screen for, diagnose and monitor diabetes. The test menu includes blood (plasma) measurement of glucose, ketone bodies and glycated proteins and urine glucose ketone bodies and microalbumin. This paper will discuss the use of these tests in screening for, diagnosis and monitoring of diabetes. Test characteristics such as cost, ease of use etc, to be considered in test selection will also be discussed. The patient populations to be considered are Type 1 and Type 2 diabetics.
KeywordsSugar HPLC Acetone Albumin Carbohydrate
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