Activated Prophenoloxidase Engaged in the Cell Clump/Cell Adhesion of Coleopteran Insect, Tenebrio Molitor Larvae
The endogenous defense system is classified into two broad categories, cellular and humoral immune responses. The latter include the synthesis of potent antimicrobial proteins and the activation of the pro-phenoloxidase (pro-PO) cascade (1–5). Previously, we examined the humoral responses of larvae of the coleopteran insects, Tenebrio molitor and Holotrichia diomphalia (1–3) and reported the primary structures of antimicrobial proteins in their hemolymph and pro-PO activating factor (PPAF-I).
KeywordsCopper Binding Site Encapsulation Response Coleopteran Insect Amino Terminal Sequence Adhesion Reaction
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