Grain Boundary Engineering for the Control of Oxidation Embrittlement

  • S. Yamaura
  • Y. Igarashi
  • S. Tsurekawa
  • T. Watanabe


The effect of grain boundary type on intergranular oxidation was studied in a nickel-40at%iron alloy. It has been found that intergranular oxidation takes place preferentially at random boundaries while low-Σ coincidence boundaries, particularly Σ3, Σ11, Σ19 and Σ27 coincidence boundaries have excellent oxidation resistance. The grain boundary engineering for the control of oxidation-assisted intergranular brittleness has been attempted by taking account important roles of the grain size, the grain boundary character distribution (GBCD) and the grain boundary connectivity. The presence of an optimal grain boundary microstructure for this purpose has been predicted.


Intergranular Fracture Roller Speed Coincidence Site Lattice Orientation Image Microscope Random Boundary 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Birks, N. and Meier, G. H., Introduction of High Temperature Oxidation of Metals, Edward Arnold, (1983).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Rapp, R. A., The high temperature oxidation of metals forming cation-diffusing scales, Met Trans., 15(b): 195, (1984).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Matsuno, F., Nishikida, S. and Harada, T., Oxidation of Fe-Ni alloys at high temperatures, Tetsu to Hagane, 67: 2029, (1981).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Bricknell, R. H. and Woodford, D. A, Grain boundary embrittlement of the iron-based superalloy IN903A, Met. Trans., 12A: 1673, (1981).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Katsman, A., Grabke, H. J. and Levin, L., Penetration of oxygen along grain boundaries during oxidation of alloys and intermetallics, Oxidation of Metals, 46: 313, (1996).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Czerwinski, F. and Szpunar, J. A., The effect of reactive element on texture and grain boundary character distribution in nickel oxide, Corrosion Science, 39: 1459, (1997).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kusabiraki, K., Ikegami, J., Nishimoto, T. and Ooka, T., High-temperature oxidation of Fe-38Ni-13Co-4.7Nb-l.5Ti-0.4Si superalloy in Ar-H2O atmosphere, Tetsu to Hagane, 80:574,(1994).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kusabiraki, K., Sakuradani, K., and Saji, S., Effect of tensile stress on grain boundary selective oxidation in an Fe-36%Ni alloy, Tetsu to Hagane, 84: 291, (1998).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Watanabe, T., An approach to grain boundary design for strong and ductile polycrystals, Res Mechanica, 11: 47, (1984).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Watanabe, T., Grain boundary design and control for high temperature materials, Mater. Sci.Eng., A166: 11,(1993).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Palumbo, G., Lehockey, E. M.and Lin, P., Applications for grain boundary engineered materials, J. Metals, 50,40, (1998).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Watanabe, T., Observation of plane-matching grain boundaries by electron channelling patterns, Phil. Mag., A47: 141, (1983).ADSGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Kaur, I. and Gust, W., Fundamentals of Grain and Interphase Boundary Diffusion, Ziegler Press, Stuttgart, (1988).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Smith, D. A., On the density of coincidence sites in grain boundaries, Scripta Met., 8: 1197, (1974).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Yamaura, S., Igarashi, Y., Tsurekawa, S. and Watanabe, T., Structure-dependent intergranular oxidation in Ni-Fe polycrystalline alloy, Acta Mater., 47: 1163, (1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Was, G. S., Thaveeprungsriporn, V. and Crawford, D. C., Grain boundary misorientation effect on creep and cracking in Ni-Based Alloys, J. Metals, 50: 44, (1998).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Yamaura
    • 1
  • Y. Igarashi
    • 1
  • S. Tsurekawa
    • 1
  • T. Watanabe
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Materials Design and Interface Engineering, Department of Machine Intelligence and Systems Engineering, Graduate School of EngineeringTohoku UniversitySendaiJapan

Personalised recommendations