Doubled Fatigue Strength of Box Welds by Using Low Transformation Temperature Welding Material

  • Akihiko Ohta
  • Naoyuki Suzuki
  • Yoshio Maeda


The low transformation temperature welding material is developed to improve the fatigue strength by introducing compressive residual stress around weld. The developed welding material which contains 10% chromium and 10% nickel, begins to transform from austenite to martensite at about 180°C and finishes it at room temperature. During the transformation, the weld metal expands. This expansion induces the compressive residual stress around the welded part of 20 mm thick JIS SM49O steel plate. The magnitude of welding residual stress is estimated to be about -100 MPa for the developed joint, while that is about 500 MPa for the conventional one. The stress ratio effect due to the compressive residual stress makes the fatigue strength doubled. The fatigue limit for conventional box welds is 65 MPa, while that for developed one is about 130 MPa.


Residual Stress Weld Metal Fatigue Strength Compressive Residual Stress Tensile Residual Stress 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Akihiko Ohta
    • 1
  • Naoyuki Suzuki
    • 1
  • Yoshio Maeda
    • 1
  1. 1.National Research Institute for MetalsTsukuba-shi, IbarakiJapan

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