No, this isn’t one of those age-old unresolvable dilemmas, the kind that frustrated ancient Greek philosophers. True, it’s reminiscent of Zeno’s paradox, which considered how finely one may divide distances, rather than durations of time. And it’s equally confounding. But, in fact, the above dilemma is a recently solved optical measurement problem, which, until a few years ago, badly frustrated modern laser scientists.


Pulse Intensity Ultrashort Pulse Ultrashort Laser Pulse Short Event Reference Pulse 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    B. Kohler, V. V. Yakovlev, J. Che, J. L. Krause, M. Messina, K. R. Wilson, N. Schwentner, R. M. Whitnell, and Y. Yan, “Quantum Control of Wave Packet Evolution with Tailored Femtosecond Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett., vol. 74, pp. 3360–63,1995.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    J. C. M. Diels, J. J. Fontaine, I. C. McMichael, and F. Simoni, “Control and Measurement of Ultrashort Pulse Shapes (in Amplitude and Phase) with Femtosecond Accuracy,” Appl. Opt., vol. 24, pp. 1270–82, 1985.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    M. Beck and I. A. Walmsley, “The Role of Amplitude and Phase Shaping in the Dispersive-Pulse Regime of a Passively Mode-Locked Dye Laser,” J. Quant. Electron., vol. 28, pp. 2274–84,1992.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, J. P. Zhou, and C. P. Huang, “Fourth-Order Dispersion Limited Solitary Pulses,” Opt. Lett., vol. 19, pp. 1465–67,1994.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    J. D. Harvey, J. M. Dudley, P. F. Curley, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, “Coherent Effects in a Self-Modelocked Ti:sapphire Laser,” Opt. Lett., vol. 19, pp. 972,1994.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    P. Zhou, H. Schulz, and P. Kohns, “Atomic spectroscopy with ultrashort laser pulses using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Opt. Comm., vol. 123, pp. 501–4, 1996.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    T. S. Clement, G. Rodriguez, W. M. Wood, and A. J. Taylor, “Characterization of ultrafast interactions with materials through direct measurement of the optical phase,” in Generation, Amplification, and Measurement of Ultrashort Laser Pulses III, vol. 2701: SPIE, 1996, pp. 229–34.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    M. Dugan, J. X. Tull, J.-K. Rhee, and W. S. Warren, “High-Resolution Ultrafast Laser Pulse Shaping for Quantum Control and Terabit per Second Communications,” in Ultrafast Phenomena X, vol. 62, P. F. Barbara, J. G. Fujimoto, W. H. Knox, and W. Zinth, Eds. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 1996, pp. 26–27.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    A. M. Weiner, “Femtosecond Optical Pulse Shaping and Processing,” Progress in Quantum Electronics, 1995.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    E. P. Ippen and C. V. Shank, Ultrashort Light Pulses—Picosecond Techniques and Applications. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 1977.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    L. Cohen, “Time-Frequency Distributions—A Review,” Proc. IEEE, vol. 77, pp. 941–81, 1989.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Y. M. Bruck and L. G. Sodin, “On the Ambiguity of the Image Reconstruction Problem,” Opt. Commun., vol. 30, pp. 304–8,1979.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    A. Watanabe, S. Tanaka, H. Kobayashi, Y. Ishida, and T. Yajima, “Microcomputer-Based Spectrum-Resolved Second Harmonic Generation Correlator for Fast Measurement of Ultrashort Pulses,” Rev. Sci. Instrum., vol. 56, pp. 2259–62, 1985.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    A. Watanabe, H. Saito, Y. Ishida, and T. Yajima, “Computer-Assisted Spectrum-Resolved SHG Auto-correlator for Monitoring Phase Characteristics of Femtosecond Pulses,” Opt. Commun., vol. 63, pp. 320–4,1987.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2000

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rick Trebino

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations