Clinical Pharmacology of Melphalan and Its Implications for Clinical Resistance to Anticancer Agents

  • Roy B. Jones
Part of the Cancer Treatment and Research book series (CTAR, volume 112)


Melphalan (L-phenylalanine mustard, Alkeran®) was one of the first bifunctional alkylating agents developed for anticancer use. The initial synthesis was reported by Bergel and Stock1. Its design was an outgrowth of studies performed during and following World War II on the mechanisms of mustard gas effects on biological systems. A summary of these early studies by Philips Philips2 is of historical interest; it also serves as a model description of cancer drug development based upon evaluation of molecules observed to have antitumor effects as a result of empiric observation and congener synthesis


Multiple Myeloma Clin Oncol Alkylating Agent Autologous Bone Marrow Transplantation Nitrogen Mustard 
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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Roy B. Jones
    • 1
  1. 1.Bone Marrow Transplant ProgramUniversity of Colorado Health Science CenterDenverUSA

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