An Object Approach for Web Presentations

  • Jerome Gensel
  • Philippe Mulhem
  • Herve Martin
Part of the Multimedia Systems and Applications Series book series (MMSA, volume 22)


In the last decade, multimedia and, more particularly, video systems have benefited from a tremendous research interest. The main reason for this is the increasing ability computers now have for supporting video data, notably thanks to unceasing improvements in data compression formats (as MPEG-2 and MPEG-4), in network transfer rates and operating systems [1], and in disk storage capacity. Unsurprisingly, new applications have risen such as video on demand, video conferencing and home video editing which directly benefit from this evolution. Following this trend, research efforts ([2], [3]) have been made to extend DataBase Management Systems (DBMS) so that they support video data types not simply through Binary Large Objects (BLOB). Indeed, DBMS seem to be well-suited systems for tackling problems posed by the video, namely storage, modeling, querying and presentation. Video data types must be physically managed apart from other conventional data types in order to fulfill their performance requirements. Video modeling must take into account the hierarchical structure of a video (shots, scenes and sequences) and allow overlapping and disjoint segment clustering [4]. The video query language must (accordingly to MPEG-7 descriptions [5]) allow one to query video content using textual annotations or computed signatures (colour, shape, texture…) and deal with the dynamic (movements) of objects in the scenes as well as with semi-structural aspects of videos and, finally, must offer the possibility of creating new videos.


Media Object Object Approach Multimedia Document Multimedia Presentation Duration Constraint 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. [1]
    A. Laursen, J. Olkin and M. Porter, Oracle Media Server: providing consumer interactive access to Multimedia data, SIGMOD, 1994.Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    K. Nwosu, B. Thuraisingham and B. Berra, Multimedia Database Systems: design and implementation strategies, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1996.Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    3 B. Ozden, R. Rastogori and A. Silberschatz, Multimedia Database Systems, Issues and Research Directions, Springer-Verlag, 1996.Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    R. Weiss, A. Duda and D. Gifford, Composition and Search with a Video Algebra, IEEE multimedia, pp 12–25, Springer Ed., 1995.Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    Overview of the MPEG-7 Standard (version 5.0), ISO/IEC JTC1/SC29/WG11 N4031, March 2001.Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    6 R. Lozano, M. Adiba, F. Mocellin and H. Martin, An Object DBMS for Multimedia Presentations including Video Data, Proc. of ECOOP′98 Workshop Reader, Springer Verlag, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 1543, 1998.Google Scholar
  7. [7]
    W3C Recommendation: Synchronized Multimedia Integration Language (SMIL) 1.0 Specification
  8. [8]
    GriNS Authoring Software,
  9. [9]
    9 RealNetworks G2,
  10. [10]
    M. Page, J. Gensel, C. Capponi, C. Bruley, P. Genoud, D. Ziébelin, D. Bardou and V. Dupierris, A New Approach in Object-Based Knowledge Representation: the AROM System, IEA/AIE-2001, June 4–7, Budapest, Hungary, 2001,
  11. [11]
    Mulhem and H. Martin, From Database to Web multimedia Documents, in Journal of Multimedia Tools and Applications (to appear), 2002.Google Scholar
  12. [12]
    2 R.G.G. Cattell and D. Barry, The Object Database Standard: ODMG 2.0, Morgan Kaufmann, 1997.Google Scholar
  13. [13]
    R. J. Brachman and J. G. Schmolze, An Overview of the KL-ONE Knowledge Representation System, Communications of the ACM, 31 (4), pp. 382–401, 1988.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. [14]
    J. Rumbaugh, I. Jacobson and G. Booch, The Unified Modeling Language Reference Manual., Addison-Wesley, 1999.Google Scholar
  15. [15]
    P. Van Hentenryck, The OPL Optimization Programming Language, MIT Press, 1999.Google Scholar
  16. [16]
    6 W3C Recommendation: Extensible Markup Language (XML) 1.0 (Second Edition)
  17. [17]
    A. Alasqur, OQL: A Query Language for Manipulating Object Oriented Databases, 15th VLDB Conference, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, September 1990.Google Scholar
  18. [18]
    H. Martin, @Specification of Intentional Multimedia Presentations using an Object-Oriented Database# Proc. of the International Symposium on Digital Media Information Base, Nara — Japan, November, 1997.Google Scholar
  19. [19]
    R. Lozano, Intégration de données video dans un SGBD à objets, PhD Thesis (in French), Joseph Fourier University, Grenoble, France, 2000.Google Scholar
  20. [20]
    M. Jourdan, N. Layaïda, C. Roisin, L. Sabry-Ismaïl and L. Tardif, Madeus, an Authoring Environment for Interactive Multimedia Documents, in ACM Multimedia, pp 267–272, Bristol, UK, 1998.Google Scholar
  21. [21]
    A. Mendelson, G. Mihaila, T. Milo, Querying the World Wide Web, Journal on Digital Libraries, Vol. 1, n. 1, pp. 54–67Google Scholar
  22. [22]
    G. Arocena and A. Mendelzon, WebOQL: Restructuring Documents, Databases and Webs, Proc. of the ICDE Conference, Orlando, Florida, USA, February 1998, pp. 24–33.Google Scholar
  23. [23]
    A. Deutsch, M. Fernandez, D. Florescu, A. Levy, D. Suciu, XML-QL: A Query Language for XML, W3C, NOTE-xml-ql-19980819, August 1998.Google Scholar
  24. [24]
    C. Baral, G. Gonzalez and A. Nandigam, SQL+D: extended display capabilities for multimedia database queries, Proc. of the ACM Multimedia′98 Conference, Bristol, UK, pp.109–114.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jerome Gensel
    • 1
  • Philippe Mulhem
    • 1
  • Herve Martin
    • 2
  1. 1.LSR-IMAGGrenobleFrance
  2. 2.IPAL-CNRSSingapore

Personalised recommendations