Energetics, Fecundity, and Human Life History Claudia Valeggia

  • Claudia Valeggia
  • Peter T. Ellison

Abstract

Life history theory provides a rich framework within which demographic models can be developed and tested. This chapter provides a bridge between the study of the biology of life history and that of human demography by highlighting the importance of energetics as a major contributor in the regulation of female fecundity. Here, we illustrate the importance of incorporating energetic issues in human demography with our study of a population in transition, a community of Toba Amerindians in Northern Argentina.

Keywords

breastfeeding energetics female fecundity lactational amenorrhea life-history trade-offs metabolic load postpartum fertility ovarian function reproductive cancers South American Indians 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Adair, L., Popkin, B. M., Derslice, J., Akin, J., Guilkey, D., Black, R., Briscoe, J., & Flieger, W. (1993). Growth dynamics during the first two years of life: a prospective study in the Philippines. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 47, 42–51.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Adair, L. S. (1992). Postpartum Nutritional Status of Filipino Women. American Journal of Human Biology, 4, 635–646.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Butte, N. F., Wong, W., & Hopkinson, J. M. (2001). Energy requirements of lactating women deri ved from doubly labeled water and milk energy output. Journal of Nutrition, 131, 53–58.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Caldwell, J., Orubuloye, I., & Caldwell, P. (1992). Fertility decline in Africa: a new type of transition? Population Development Review, 18, 211–242.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cumming, D. C., Wheeler, G. D., & Harber, V. J. (1994). Physical Activity, Nutrition, and Reproduction. Human Reproductive Ecology: Interactions of Environment, Fertility, and Behavior, 55–76.Google Scholar
  6. Dasgupta, P. (1995). Population, poverty, and the local environment. Scientific American (February), 40–45.Google Scholar
  7. Eaton, S. B., Pike, M. C., Short, R. V., Lee, N. C., Trussel, J., Hatcher, R. A., Wood, J. W., Worthman, C. M., Jones, N. G. B., Konner, M. J., Hill, K. R., Bailey, R., & Hurtado, A. M. (1994). Women’s Reproductive Cancers in Evolutionary Context. Quarterly Review of Biology, The, 69 (September 1994), 354–367.Google Scholar
  8. Ellison, P. T. (1988). Human Salivary Steroids: Methodological Considerations and Applications in Physical Anthropology. Yearbook of Physical Anthropology, 31, 115–142.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Ellison, P. T. (1994). Advances in Human Reproductive Ecology. Annual Review of Anthropology, 23, 225–275.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Ellison, P. T. (1999). Reproductive Ecology and Reproductive Cancers. In C. Panter-Brick & C. Worthman (Eds.), Hormones, Health, and Behavior. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  11. Ellison, P. T. (2001). On Fertile Ground: A Natural History of Human Reproduction. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.Google Scholar
  12. Ellison, P. T., & Lager, C. (1986). Moderate recreational running is associated with lowered salivary progesterone profiles in women. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 154(5), 1000–1003.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Ellison, P. T., & O’Rourke, M. R. (2000). Population Growth and Fertility Regulation. In S. Stinson & B. Bogin & R. Huss-Ashmore & R. O’Rourke (Eds.), Human Biology: An Evolutionary and Biocultural Perspective. New York: Wiley-Liss.Google Scholar
  14. Ellison, P. T., Panter-Brick, C., Lipson, S. F., & O’Rourke, M. R. (1993). The Ecological Context of Human Ovarian Function. Human Reproduction, 8(12), 2248–2258.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Ellison, P. T., Peacock, N. R., & Lager, C. (1989). Ecology and Ovarian Function Among Lese Women of the Ituri Forest, Zaire. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 78, 519–526.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Friedman, H. (1994). Reproductive Health in Adolescence. World Health Status Quarterly, 47(1),31–35.Google Scholar
  17. Gray, S. J. (1994). Comparison of effects of breast-feeding practices on Birth-spacing in three societies: Nomadic Turkana, Gainj, and Quechua. Journal of Biosocial Science, 26, 69–90.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Green, B., Weiss, N., & Daling, J. (1988). Risk of ovulatory infertility in relation to body weight. Fertility and Sterility, 50, 721–726.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Hill, K. R. (1993). Life History and Evolutionary Anthropology. Evolutionary Anthropology, 2(3), 78–88.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Hill, K. R., & Hurtado, A. M. (1996). Ache Life History: The Ecology and Demography of a Foraging People. New York: Aldine de Gruyter.Google Scholar
  21. Hobcraft, J. N. (1994). Why Can’t Demographers and Physiologists Agree? In K. L. Campbell & J. W. Wood (Eds.), Human Reproductive Ecology: interactions of Environment, Fertility, and Behavior (Vol. 709, pp. 408–415). New York: New York Academy of Sciences.Google Scholar
  22. Huang, Z., Hankinson, S., Colditz, G., Stampfer, M., Hunter, D., Manson, J., Hennekens, C., Rosner, B., Speizer, F., & Willett, W. (1997). Dual effects of weight and weight gain on breast cancer risk. Journal of the American Medical Association, 278, 1407–1411.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Hubinont, C., H., B., Dufrane, S., Leclercq-Meyer, V., Sugar, J., Schwers, J., & Malaisse, W. (1988). Changes in pancreatic B cell function during late pregnancy, early lactation and postlactation. Gynecology and Obstetrics Investigations, 25(2), 89–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Jasienska, G. (1996). Energy and ovarian function in rural women from Poland. Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation, Harvard University, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  25. Jasienska, G., Thune, I., & Ellison, P. T. (2000). Energetic factors, ovarian steroids and the risk of breast cancer. European Journal of Cancer Prevention, 9, 231–239.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Jelliffe, D. B., & Maddocks, I. (1964). Notes on the ecologic malnutrition in the New Guinea Highlands. Clinical Pediatric, 3, 432–438.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Kertzer, D. I., & Fricke, T. (Eds.). (1997). Anthropological Demography. Chicago & London: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  28. Kjos, S., Henry, O., Lee, R., Buchanan, T., & Mishell, D. J. (1993). The effect of lactation on glucose and lipid metabolism in women with recent gestational diabetes. Obstet Gynecol., 82(3), 451–455.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Konner, M. J., & Worthman, C. (1980). Nursing frequency, gonadal function, and birth spacing among !Kung hunter-gatherers. Science, 207, 788–791.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Lesthaeghe, R., Kaufmann, G., Meekers, D., & Surkyn, G. (1994). Post-Partum Abstinence, Polygyny, and Age at Marriage: A Macro-Level Analysis of Sub-Saharan Societies. In C. Bledsoe & G. Pison (Eds.), Nuptiality in Sub-Saharan Africa (pp. 25–54). Oxford: Clarendon.Google Scholar
  31. Miller, E. (Ed.). (1999). Peoples of the Gran Chaco. Westport, CT: Bergin & Garvey.Google Scholar
  32. Morbeck, M. E., Galloway, A., & Zihlman, A. L. (Eds.). (1997). The Evolving Female: A Life-History Perspective (1st ed.). Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  33. Okasha, M., McCarron, P., McEwen, J., & Smith, G. (2001). Age at menarche: secular trends and association with adult anthropometric measures. Annals of Human Biology, 28(1),68–78.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Panter-Brick, C., Lotstein, D., & Ellison, P. T. (1993). Seasonality of reproductive function and weight loss in rural Nepali women. Human Reproduction, 8(5), 684–690.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. Panter-Brick, C., & Pollard, T. M. (1999). Work and hormonal variation in subsistence and industrial contexts. Hormones, Health, and Behavior, 139–183.Google Scholar
  36. Partridge, L., & Harvey, P. H. (1988). The Ecological Context of Life History Evolution. Science, 241(1449–1451).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Riley, A. P. (1994). Determinants of Adolescent Fertility and Its Consequences for Maternal Health, with Special Reference to Rural Bangladesh. In K. L. Campbell & J. W. Wood (Eds.), Human Reproductive Ecology: Interactions of Environment, Fertility and Behavior. New York: New York Academy of Sciences.Google Scholar
  38. Robey, B., Rutstein, S. O., & Morris, L. (1993). The Fertility Decline in Developing Countries. Scientific American, December (1993), 60–67.Google Scholar
  39. Scholl, T., Hediger, M., Schall, J., Mead, J., & Fischer, R. (1995). Maternal growth during adolescent pregnancy. Journal of the American Medical Association, 274(1), 26–27.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Tracer, D. P. (1991). Fertility-Related Changes in Maternal Body Composition Among the Au of Papua New Guinea. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 85, 393–405.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Ulijaszek, S. J., & Mascie-Taylor, C. (Eds.). (1994). Anthropometry: The individual and the population. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Valeggia, C., & Ellison, P. T. (2001a). Energetics and postpartum fecundity: Changes in C-peptide levels in breastfeeding Toba women. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 31 Suppl., 147.Google Scholar
  43. Valeggia, C., & Ellison, P. T. (2001b). Lactation, Energetics, and Postpartum Fecundity. In P. T. Ellison (Ed.), Reproductive Ecology and Human Evolution. New York: Aldine de Gruyter.Google Scholar
  44. Vanoss Marin, B., Coyle, K., Gomez, C., Carvajal, S., & Kirby, D. (2000). Older boyfriends and girlfriends increase risk of sexual initiation in young adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health, 27(6), 409–418.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Weinstein, M., & Stark, M. (1994). Behavioral and Biological Determinants of Fecundability. In K. L. Campbell & J. W. Wood (Eds.), Human Reproductive Ecology: Interactions of Environment, Fertility, and Behavior. New York: New York Academy of Sciences.Google Scholar
  46. Wood, J. W. (1994). Dynamics of Human Reproduction: Biology, Biometry, Demography. New York: Aldine de Gruyter.Google Scholar
  47. Worthman, C. M., Jenkins, C. L., Stallings, J. F., & Lai, D. (1993). Attenuation of Nursing-Related Ovarian Suppression and High Fertility in Well-Nourished, Intensively Breast-Feeding Amele Women of Lowland Papua New Guinea. Journal of Biosocial Science, 25, 425–443.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Claudia Valeggia
  • Peter T. Ellison

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations