Traumatic Asphyxia

  • Joseph Cuschieri


Traumatic asphyxia is a rare condition following thoracic compression. Ollivier first described it while performing autopsies on people trampled by crowds in Paris in 1837. He described a complex, termed masque ecchymotique, which consisted of craniocervical cyanosis, subconjuntival hemorrhage, and cerebral vascular engorgement. Since then, the syndrome has been defined further to include petechiae of the mucous membranes, epistaxis, esophageal hemorrhage, hematemesis, microscopic hematuria, albuminuria, spinal-cord paralysis, peripheral nerve injury, amnesia, and convulsions.


Peripheral Nerve Injury Microscopic Hematuria Pulmonary Contusion Associate Injury Flail Chest 
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Selected References

  1. Dunne JR, Shaked G, and Golocovsky M. Traumatic Asphyxia: An Indicator of Potentially Severe Injury in Trauma. Injury 1996;27(10):746–49.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joseph Cuschieri

There are no affiliations available

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