Traumatic asphyxia is a rare condition following thoracic compression. Ollivier first described it while performing autopsies on people trampled by crowds in Paris in 1837. He described a complex, termed masque ecchymotique, which consisted of craniocervical cyanosis, subconjuntival hemorrhage, and cerebral vascular engorgement. Since then, the syndrome has been defined further to include petechiae of the mucous membranes, epistaxis, esophageal hemorrhage, hematemesis, microscopic hematuria, albuminuria, spinal-cord paralysis, peripheral nerve injury, amnesia, and convulsions.
KeywordsPeripheral Nerve Injury Microscopic Hematuria Pulmonary Contusion Associate Injury Flail Chest
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