The Human Face pp 149-167 | Cite as

Causes and Reasons in Failures to Perceive Fearful Faces

  • Monique de Bonis

Abstract

Human and non human primate brains share the ability to decipher emotional signals in a human face (Sugase, Yamane & Veno, 1999). Other species, such as birds, whose visual apparatus is highly developed, can learn some of the facial signals and discriminate positive from negative human expressions (Jitsumori & Yoshihara, 1997). Furthermore, humans are capable of designing expert-systems that are more accurate than a human brain in categorising at least the restricted repertory of basic emotions from the standard Ekman & Freisen (1976) Facial Action Coding System (Lien, Kanade, & Cohn, 2000; Stewart-Bartlett, Hager, Ekman, & Sejnowski, 1999). Automatic devices have been developed that can substitute for the human eye in the assessment of facial expressions of emotion in clinical settings (Benson, 1999; Katsikitis, this volume; Katsikitis & Pilowsky, 1988, 1991, 1996).

Keywords

Depression Encephalitis Blindness Human Irifants Prosopagnosia 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Monique de Bonis
    • 1
  1. 1.Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique Unité de Résonance Magnétique Médiacale (U2R2M)Université Paris XIFrance

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