Human Face in Biological Anthropology: Craniometry, Evolution and Forensic Identification

  • Maciej Henneberg
  • Ellie Simpson
  • Carl Stephan


The face is the body part that epitomises a human person. The face is what is required for identification of individuals in passports, on driver’s licences and other documents. It can even be argued that the human face is a cultural construct that cannot be studied without taking into account cultural values (Berrios, 2002, this volume). And yet the human face is an anatomical entity that arose through biological processes during the course of human evolution and its structure is regulated by the same embryological, anatomical and physiological mechanisms that form all other parts of the body. Thus the face can be studied by means of natural sciences or more specifically by biological anthropology, which can be defined as the scientific study of human biological characters.


Human Face Vocal Tract Modern Human Cranial Base Face Height 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2003

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maciej Henneberg
    • 1
  • Ellie Simpson
  • Carl Stephan
  1. 1.Department of Anatomical SciencesThe University of AdelaideAustralia

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